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Excavator Tracks – The Definitive FAQ Guide
Excavator Tracks FAQ Guide is an exclusive collection of answers to all the questions you can have before purchasing any tracked equipment. The product guide provides detailed specifications and explanations for tracks, including problems associated, lifetime, maintenance requirements, causes of failure, and much more.
1. What are excavator tracks?
Excavator tracks are also known as crawlers or treads. Excavator tracks are an attachment for bulldozers, loaders, and excavators used to provide it with traction.
These round treads are made from rubber or steel and can be either flexible or rigid. They come in various sizes depending on the weight of the equipment they will be mounted on. Excavator Tracks consist of a series of interlocking metal links that measure anywhere from 40-60 in (1-1.5 m) in length. The drive and driven sprockets are rolled on these tracks to “float” over the ground rather than sink in as an ordinary wheel will.
2. What materials are used in the manufacturing of excavator tracks?
Materials used in the manufacturing of excavator tracks are steel, alloy steel, and aluminum alloy. The power train comprises complex stresses that consist of the frame, block, and pins. The tracks are made by casting the steel in a continuous extrusion process, where molten steel is fed through a large die and formed into an endless steel belt.
The belt containing the tracks is then drawn from this single forming process and cut into desired lengths. These track rolls are then transported to the manufacturing facility and welded together into desired larger lengths. High-strength bolts are welded onto the end of each track, creating an attachment point for any rubber treads sewn or bolted onto each other.
3. What are the specifications of excavator tracks?
There are many specifications of Excavator Tracks. Some of these specifications are listed in the table below:
|Sr. No.||Product||Width × Pitch (mm)||No of Links|
|1||Excavator Tracks||150 × 72||30 – 37|
|2||Excavator Tracks||180 × 60||30 – 48|
|3||Excavator Tracks||180 × 72||31 – 42|
|4||Excavator Tracks||190 × 72||33 – 47|
|5||Excavator Tracks||200 × 72||22 – 47|
|6||Excavator Tracks||230 × 48||60 – 82|
|7||Excavator Tracks||230 × 72||31 – 64|
|8||Excavator Tracks||230 × 96||30 – 41|
|9||Excavator Tracks||250 × 72||43 – 60|
|10||Excavator Tracks||260 × 96||36 – 44|
4. Why do excavator tracks fail?
Excavator tracks fail for many different reasons. Excavator tracks are exposed to a harsh environment consisting of extreme temperatures, water, fine and coarse sand, or other abrasive materials.
The big three are as follows: Too much tension on the track (and worn tracks). Overloading the track. Not enough ground clearance under the track.The most common reason for excavator track failure is the shifting of a track. Movement can be caused by improper installation or track tension.
Improperly installed tracks can lead to blowouts. Track systems must be maintained in good working order to perform satisfactorily and reduce the risk of serious accidents. Poor maintenance is the primary cause of excavator failure.
5. What are the benefits of excavator tracks?
There are many benefits to excavator tracks because they add a layer of stability that keeps the ground from shifting. Tracks offer better traction than wheels in soft soil and lose materials, so they can be used to move forward in areas where wheels would dig down. They also offer more stability along slopes of all kinds than wheels, which leave little/no room for sideways movement.
The main benefit of the excavator tracks is to increase the surface area that touches the ground. The increased contact area increases tractive force and provides better traction in loose material. As a result, an excavator with tracks can operate in muddy, snowy, or soft muddy soils, making it difficult for an excavator without ways to perform.
6. How do I add tracks to my excavator?
Add tracks to your excavator by taking the following steps:
- Install the sprocket-tooth assembly onto the pinion shaft.
- Install the idler assembly on a swing arm frame.
- Install rollers and skate wheel on skid shoe shaft.
- Attach lug plates to the bottom of the skid shoe.
- Attach lower track bracket to idler assembly.
- Install upper track bracket on the support platform.
- Install center tooth of sprocket assembly lugs in the upper track bracket.
- Attach lug plate spring hook to the upper end.
- Install your excavator tracks onto the track frame.
After following the above procedure, test your installation to confirm that everything is in good condition.
7. How long do excavator tracks last?
Excavator tracks typically last 10,000 hours of operation before they need to be replaced. Depending on the type of equipment, they can deteriorate and wear out much faster than this period. The track shoes are the primary component of the excavators, and their life depends on several factors such as model, terrain, ground conditions, power source, and weight loaded on them.
An excavator with the right tracks will make a major difference in your digging projects, and extending their life is very easy. Also, tracking correctly (keeping the edge of the treads straight with the ground) and cleaning tracks properly after each use, and checking for damage regularly increase the lifespan of your excavator tracks.
8. What does clean the excavator tracks mean?
Your excavator works hard and needs to perform smoothly. The tracks are a key element in providing a smooth ride and an efficient, productive workday.
It’s important to keep track of tension on-point, inspect the tracks regularly for wear, and lubricate according to the schedule set by your machine’s manufacturer. To clean your excavator tracks, you need an air compressor, 1-inch nylon hose and spray nozzle, water bottle or pressure washer, a screwdriver or hook to hold the trigger, a small broom once you get most of the dirt off with your excavator parked in the sun on level ground blow out all of the side channels first one side than the other. The results a cleaner track – one that will help protect your investment, keep maintenance costs down, and increase uptime.
9. Why do excavator tracks come off?
Excavator tracks will come off because of material being excavated, excessive track tension, worn or damaged tracks, improper tracks alignment, improper setup, and of course, improper operation.
Excavator tracks also come off because of poor track pins, tension springs, and rollers. The track pins are designed to guide the tracks forward on top of the ground and keep it from sliding sideways when the machine is stopped in an incline position.
The tension spring is used to help maintain the proper tension on the pins to keep them from jumping off the track roller, preventing slippage or binding on the rollers. The rollers support the weight of the excavator and also helps in preventing slippage and binding.
10. How tight should rubber excavator tracks be?
Excavator tracks have the biggest effect on productivity because they make it easier to maneuver the machine. As a rule, the tighter the excavator tracks are, the more precise and powerful movement will be. The right amount of track tension is essential to a smooth ride and strong traction when operating on uneven ground.
While the right track tension depends on several factors such as terrain, the weight of equipment, and the life of the tracks. In general, the amount of tension for each track lies in the range of 2 to 5 cm.
Each of your tracks has guide pins on them with a specifically designed position on each track; however, the guide pins may have moved while fitting to individual pin positions during the installation process. This should be considered when the tracks are fitted together to determine their tensions, as you may need to adjust the tension of each track.
11. How do I unfreeze my excavator tracks?
The tracks on your excavator can freeze from a buildup of ice, snow, and mud. This frequently occurs in the spring when the ground is half-frozen, and you’re trying to clear a snow-filled parking lot or break ground in an older construction site that hasn’t been properly maintained.
Excavator tracks can become stuck in ice or snow by several factors. In general, frozen tracks can be helped by scraping the bottom of the track area with a shovel and removing any ice buildup that may be found there. Applying heat to the track area also helps melt ice that may be built up there, so you should run your machine for a while without digging into any frozen material.
12. Do rubber excavator tracks stretch?
Rubber tracks stretch. Rubber is a synthetic product and softens during use, which causes the track to cup. While tractive effort and breakout torques may seem to decrease, as a result, the softer rubber builds in more traction.
Some instances of track stretching and resultant decreased traction may lead to problems with adjacent components, resulting in damage. Increasing the track tension (or using a heavier machine) will reduce this problem by providing additional support for the track. Over time you need to check your tracks for wear and tear. If the track has started to stretch or become loose in its socket, you need to change it out on your excavator.
13. What is better rubber excavator tracks vs steel excavator tracks?
The main difference between steel tracks and rubber tracks is the characteristics of each track material. Steel tracks are much heavier than rubber tracks, allowing for more traction and wearing down faster.
Rubber tracks are softer and stick to terrain easier than steel tracks, creating a smoother ride. Choose rubber tracks when you need to travel over soft ground such as swampland and sand.
Because they are flexible and have more “give”, rubber tracks can absorb the shock of an operating machine better than steel tracks. They extend the life of the track assembly because they can flex without breaking or pulling out of the mounting like steel tracks can do when used on soft ground.
14. How often should you grease an excavator track?
There is a very large variety of different types of equipment used for excavation. The frequency that each machine requires its tracks lubricated will vary from device to machine.The type of material being excavated and the equipment being used will have a large impact on how far down into the track itself you will need to lubricate.
In some instances, you will need to grease only the topmost layer, whereas you may need to grease much lower down into the tread itself in some other cases. Inspect them frequently and make sure they’re properly greased. Doing this will increase the lifetime of your excavator tracks.
15. What type of grease should I use in excavator tracks?
Four basic types of grease can be used in excavator tracks. They are mineral grease, EP grease, Lithium complex grease, and oil-based grease. However, the type of grease you choose should be based on the vehicle weight, horsepower, and operating environment, including temperature range, expected loading, dust conditions, and service life requirements.
One of the most common misconceptions about grease is that it is used only for rubber tracks. Rubber and other types of ways require oil to keep them lubricated and operating efficiently. The most important requirement is that you use lithium soap-based grease. This will greatly increase the life of your equipment.
16. What powers do excavator tracks have?
Excavator tracks are powered by the hydraulic system of a loaded excavator, which provides them with all the necessary power. The undercarriage powers excavator tracks mounted power pack, including a hydraulic pump, motor/gearbox, and steering shafts.
Hydraulic fluid is mineral oil with additives to prevent corrosion and foaming and to ensure efficient transfer of energy from the pump to the load as pressure. The flow rate is regulated using a pressure control valve, which maintains hydraulic pressure regardless of input from the pump. This aids in the movement of your excavator tracks.
17. How do you tighten an excavator track?
An excavator track tensioner is one of the several important parts of a tracked machine. You will need to use a wrench to adjust the track tension manually.
They maintain consistent track tension to decrease wear and tear on the tracks, improve efficiency, and improve traction in difficult terrains. When the tracks become worn or loose, they create uneven pressure on the wheel that twists the way and can cause track breakage, premature wear, and failure of components.
18. What are the maintenance requirements of excavator tracks?
The maintenance will depend on what you are using them for and how well maintained the machine is. Change the angle of your tracks correctly, ensure that they fit perfectly, and inspect them routinely will help extend the life of your track and machine. The most important part of the track maintenance cycle is the lubrication of the track.
Excavator tracks need the same amount of lubrication as any other machine with a rubber track does. Without regular lubrication, there will not be enough traction for a smooth ride, and in extreme cases, it could result in equipment damage. Having the right parts for repairing excavator tracks on hand will save you time and money, limit your downtime, and prevent problems during transport.
19. How to measure excavator tracks?
A track’s size is measured by its’ pitch, which is the distance between any two opposing lugs. Excavator tracks are commonly displayed in nominal sizes in four-inch increments (i.e. 108″ or 112″ nominal).To determine an excavator’s true track size requires measuring the actual circumference of the outside of each track.
You can do this using flexible tape or scale. Without measuring the correct excavator track size, you would probably end up choosing a bigger size than needed. Knowing the correct excavator track size will help you save extra cost and time associated.
20. What is the Hs code of excavator tracks?
The Hs code of your excavator track is defined as a harmonized system of codes widely used by several countries in identification around the globe. It is an 8-digit code and provides necessary information related to quantity imported, the location from imported, price per unit, the total number of units.
The Hs code also helps different manufacturers or suppliers assess the number of excavator tracks in their inventory, which will help them run out of stock. Different countries used different Hs codes for the same type of product. While shipping your product, you need to remember the Hs code. This will help you assess the details of your product.
21. Is there any excavator track for sale?
Yes, you may find excavator tracks on sale. Getting your excavator tracks to help you save an extra cost associated that you pay on usual days. A large number of suppliers offer sales on the different types of excavator tracks around the year.
It would be best to find a reliable and affordable seller who is offering excavator tracks on sale. You can find such suppliers through social media linkages. Ensure the product you are going to purchase does not compromise the material quality and embedded characteristics of your excavator tracks.
22. How do excavator tracks work?
Excavator tracks work by using a flexible metal band extruded into a long loop. This loop is wrapped around the outside of the track shoes and then bolted into position. Along with providing traction, as do rubber tires on a car, excavator tracks make it possible for a machine to climb and dig grades.
As the machine moves, metal spikes grip the surface underfoot, providing both traction and stability. The amount of traction is determined by how hard the excavator pushes down on the surface as it moves. Driven by sprockets and a drive shaft connected by a cross member, excavator tracks get more usable power to the ground than tires on rough terrain.
23. What problems are associated with excavator tracks?
Many of the problems with excavator tracks consist of how they are used, but also, as equipment evolves, so do the ways. The first problem associated with their operation occurs when they do not have enough traction. It is common for the corners of the track shoe to wear down to the point where it wears completely off.
The machine becomes nearly immobile; it will slip and not dig or pour properly. If your track isn’t providing the power or stability you need, the problem is probably in one component, assembly, or ¨wear¨ that makes up the track, such as track gauge, rubber tracks, and drive sprockets.
24. Why excavator tracks slowly on one side?
Excavator tracks slow on one side is a common problem among operators of compact excavators. This is the result of differences in track tension and variations in the pattern of wear.
In addition, to track damage, this can also cause uneven or improper wear on the sprockets and hoses and even damage to hydraulic pumps or other components. This happens because of the unstable condition of the ground. This can cause the excavator to dig deeper on that side.
25. Is noise associated with excavator tracks?
Excavator tracks tend to make too much noise, which is often caused by the condition of the track shoes and by loose or worn track shoes. Narrow tracks can sometimes contribute to more noise because of the smaller tread contact area. A track tensioner system may not be set properly, causing slack in the chain between the bull gear and sprockets, causing the track to move side-to-side.
If an excavator is operated with a hose attached, a high-water flow can cause it to bounce up and down, causing excessive noise. The distance between the new rollers cannot be too small or too large for the given machine. If the space is too large, it can cause unnecessary wear on the tracks to shorten the life and make noise.